Homestead Food Production

  • Overview
  • Nutritional Support to
    People Living with HIV/AIDS

The Challenge

  • At a June 2006 summit on AIDS, the UN General Assembly confirmed that proper nutrition and food security are essential for children and families affected by HIV/AIDS.
  • Food insecurity exacerbates the vicious cycle of poverty, malnutrition and disease progression, all of which adversely affect the health and well-being of People Living with HIV/AIDS (PLWHA) and their household members. Poor nutrition also increases their susceptibility to infection, and can compromise the efficacy of and adherence to medication.

HKI Solutions

  • In 2006 in Cambodia, HKI began to tailor its successful Homestead Food Production (HFP) programs to meet the special needs of people living with HIV/AIDS and other chronic diseases. HFP gardens feature plants that are relatively easy to maintain and don't require hard physical labor, which is critical for PLWHA. In addition, as with all HFP programs, surplus food can be sold for additional household income, which provides key support for PLWHA who may not be working otherwise.
  • In Senegal, HKI created a package of essential nutritional services that can be integrated into existing health facility services, and played a key role in helping the Ministry of Health develop its nutrition policies and programs relating to the care and support of HIV/AIDS-affected orphans and vulnerable children.
  • Through the West African Health Organization (WAHO), the official health agency of the 15-nation Economic Community of West African States (ECOWAS), HKI played a key role in facilitating a technical update session on nutrition and HIV/AIDS for the ECOWAS Nutrition Forum in September 2004.
  • HKI worked closely with South Africa's Medical Research Council, the Regional Network for Equity in Health in East and Southern Africa (EQUINET) and Makerere University to undertake a multi-country study that explored the connections between HIV/AIDS and food and nutrition security.