Food Fortification

The Challenge

  • Due to a lack of resources and vitamin-rich foods, many developing nations are plagued with micronutrient deficiencies that lead to anemia, diarrhea, and/or blindness-related diseases.
  • Vitamin and mineral deficiencies can negatively impact the health and survival of women and children.  It has especially negative consequences on the growth and educational performance of children, and can adversely affect pregnancies.

HKI Solutions

To help control micronutrient deficiencies, HKI implements and advocates for a variety of effective and inexpensive in-home solutions that allow families to fortify their own home-cooked meals on a daily basis.

  • Sprinkles®: This in-home fortificant consists of a powdered mix of multiple micronutrients in single-dose sachets that can be added to home-cooked meals on a daily basis. It is most often added to rice or porridge, which on their own don’t contain an adequate supply of micronutrients.  A number of studies around the world have shown that Sprinkles® effectively reduces anemia in children and women.
  • Iron supplementation for anemia: Iron deficiency can result in anemia, which, in turn, adversely affects the production and retention of blood and causes susceptibility to other diseases. HKI provides in home fortification and iron supplements for pregnant women. On a large-scale basis, HKI’s initiative, Fortify West Africa, aims to require mandatory fortification of wheat flour with iron and folic acid throughout the region.
  • Ready-to-Use Therapeutic Foods (RUTFs), such as Plumpy’Nut®, are nutrient-rich pastes that are specifically designed for the treatment of severe malnutrition. They are easy to store in the home with minimal risk of contamination, and can be fed to children directly from the foil package with no further preparation required. RUTFs are distributed to caregivers to treat malnutrition as part of our Community-based Management of Acute Malnutrition program.