“How Cost-Effective is Biofortification in Combating Micronutrient Malnutrition? An Ex ante Assessment.”
Volume 38, Issue 1 (Pages 64-75) of World Development focuses on the results of a HarvestPlus research study that examined the cost-effectiveness of biofortified staple corps in Africa, Asia and Latin America. This ex-ante assessment found that "developing and disseminating biofortified crops is a highly cost-effective means of reducing micronutrient malnutrition in the developing world."
Because of its lower costs, biofortification also demonstrates a comparative advantage in Africa and Asia, relative to alternative interventions. This is especially true in South Asia where well-functioning seed distribution systems would enable biofortified crops to benefit a large rural population. The study clearly demonstrates the value of integrating agriculture and public health strategies.